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Type of Therapy

It may be helpful to know clients have given feedback describing Dr Emma Hormoz as professional, supportive, genuinely caring and able to offer a warm, understanding space for them. Learn more


Following her doctoral psychology training, Dr Hormoz pursued substantial additional training and qualifications within other specialist therapies. As such, she is experienced in providing a number of different therapeutic approaches. Not only does this benefit her clients with a range of treatment options but this enables her to think objectively about which therapy might be the best for each individual based on their needs and what they want to get from therapy.


Dr Hormoz has training and experience of working with Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT Therapy), Cognitive Analytic Therapy (CAT), Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy, (EMDR Therapy) Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET), Person-centred counselling, and Brief Psychodynamic therapy and Nightmare Rescripting. Additionally, she is able to integrate and combine psychotherapies to meet each individual's needs.


Dr Hormoz is able to offer short-term and long-term therapy; based on the initial consultation, you will decide together what approach might be best suited to your needs and requirements.


See below for a summary of some of the treatment and therapy options Dr Hormoz provides.


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CBT (Cognitive Behaviour Therapy)


Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, or CBT, is a highly popular therapy for a number of reasons. It can be specifically tailored to many different problem areas and has shown significant evidence of high success rates through research. This therapy is also a short-term treatment and has specific protocols which need to be followed for each present problem. Thus, if you are seeking CBT for an eating disorder, your experience of treatment will be very different to someone who is seeking the CBT for depression, for example.


CBT is a recommended treatment by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) for depression, anxiety, worry, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic attacks, post-traumatic stress disorder, binge eating disorder, bulimia nervosa, bipolar disorder schizophrenia, phobias, relationship difficulties, and psychosis. There are existing protocols for treating a huge range of presenting difficulties.

CBT is a time-limited therapy and focused on the here and now difficulties. You and your therapist will agree on specific tasks for you to carry out over the week to assist your progress.


CBT sessions last about 50 minutes and treatment typically range from 6 weeks plus. Depending on the specific problem protocol your are working on your therapist will be able to give you a clearer indication of treatment duration.

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing therapy (EMDR Treatment)

EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) therapy is a revolutionary approach that integrates elements from various psychological theories, including cognitive psychology and neurobiology.  Developed by Dr. Francine Shapiro in the late 1980s, EMDR has gained widespread recognition for its effectiveness in treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and a range of other psychological conditions. It's particularly beneficial if you're seeking to address past traumatic experiences while simultaneously developing practical coping strategies for the present.

EMDR therapy is not only effective for resolving symptoms of PTSD but has also been successfully applied to treat anxiety disorders, depression, phobias, grief, and various other psychological issues. By promoting the reprocessing of traumatic memories and fostering adaptive coping skills, EMDR empowers individuals to overcome the lingering effects of past adversity and achieve a greater sense of well-being and resilience in their lives.

The therapy process typically involves several key phases. Initially, the therapist collaborates with the client to establish a thorough understanding of their presenting concerns, history, and treatment goals. Together, they identify specific target memories or experiences to be processed using EMDR techniques. During the processing phase, the client is guided to focus on the targeted memory while simultaneously engaging in bilateral stimulation, which may involve following the therapist's hand movements with their eyes, listening to alternating auditory tones, or experiencing tactile sensations. These bilateral stimuli are thought to activate the brain's natural processing mechanisms, facilitating the reorganization of the targeted memory within the broader neural network. Over time, the intensity of distress associated with the targeted memory typically decreases, and new, more adaptive perspectives may emerge. Through repeated sets of bilateral stimulation, the memory becomes less emotionally charged, allowing the individual to approach it with greater calmness and resilience.

EMDR therapy is highly versatile and can effectively address a wide range of issues, including PTSD, anxiety disorders, phobias, and complex trauma.

Sessions typically last between 50 to 90 minutes, and the duration of treatment can vary depending on individual needs and the complexity of the issues being addressed.

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CAT (Cognitive Analytic Therapy)


Cognitive Analytic Therapy or CAT is a therapy that has developed from key psychanalytic theories and cognitive psychology.


This is a great therapy if you are interest in understanding your past and current problems in more details but also wanting to connect this understanding to learn new ways to change your situation in the here and now. The first few sessions are focused on understanding your past and the links to your present-day difficulties. The later stages are all about understanding your current unhelpful patterns and learning new ways of managing yourself, your emotions and or your relationships with others.

Cognitive Analytic Therapy (CAT) is a collaborative therapeutic approach that combines elements from psychoanalytic theory and cognitive psychology to help you understand and address your current difficulties. In CAT, we'll work together to explore your past experiences and how they shape your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors in the present. Initially, we'll focus on identifying recurring patterns in your relationships and ways of coping that may be causing distress. Through this process of exploration, you'll gain insight into how past experiences influence your current struggles. In the later stages of therapy, we'll develop practical strategies to help you break free from unhelpful patterns and develop more effective ways of managing your emotions and relationships.

CAT is a highly adaptable therapy and can support a range of presenting problems such as depression, anxiety, interpersonal difficulties, Eating disorders, trauma and much more.


CAT sessions last about 50 minutes and treatment typically range from 8-24 weeks.



NET (Narrative Exposure Therapy)


Narrative Exposure therapy or NET has been used in the treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD or Complex PTSD and trauma. Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) is a structured and evidence-based psychotherapy designed to help individuals process traumatic experiences and reduce symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). NET is most helpful to those who have experienced multiple traumas or complex traumas, perhaps during childhood or war. 

In NET, clients are guided to create a detailed timeline of their life, focusing particularly on traumatic events they have experienced. Through a collaborative process with a trained therapist, clients narrate their life story, recounting these traumatic experiences in a safe and supportive environment.

The therapist helps the client organize their narrative in a coherent and chronological manner, ensuring that emotions and sensations related to each event are acknowledged and expressed. This process facilitates the integration of fragmented memories and emotions associated with trauma. Additionally, clients are encouraged to connect the traumatic events with their current beliefs, emotions, and behaviors, fostering a deeper understanding of how past experiences continue to impact their present lives.

By repeatedly revisiting and narrating their experiences within the therapeutic context, clients gradually desensitize to the traumatic memories and develop a more adaptive perspective towards their past. This allows them to reclaim agency over their lives, reduce symptoms of PTSD, and cultivate resilience. NET typically consists of several sessions conducted over a structured period, with each session building upon the progress made in the previous ones.


NET requires the client to recount the trauma(s) they have experienced, in detail. This is most useful for someone who is experiencing daily reminders of the past. This starts with the earliest memory and goes right up until the present day.


Unlike more therapies, treatment sessions are 90 minutes long, this is to ensure there is proper time to complete the retelling of each trauma event.

Nightmare Rescripting

Nightmare rescripting is a therapeutic technique aimed at reducing the distress caused by recurrent nightmares. In this process, clients work with a therapist to vividly recall their nightmares and then collaboratively rewrite the narrative to create a more positive outcome. By changing the storyline or incorporating elements of safety and empowerment, clients confront their fears within the safety of the therapeutic environment.

Through repeated visualization and rehearsal of the revised dream scenario, clients gradually desensitize to the original nightmare content and establish a sense of mastery over their fears. This process helps to diminish the emotional intensity and frequency of nightmares, providing relief and improving sleep quality. Additionally, nightmare rescripting can empower clients to confront and process underlying trauma or stressors contributing to the nightmares, promoting healing and psychological well-being.


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