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  • Writer's pictureDr Emma Hormoz

Self-Esteem – what is it? Where does it come from?

Welcome to my blog. This week I shared some facts and theories about self-esteem with in an article @ The lifestyle directory. Here are some snippets...

Q: Dr. Hormoz, what is self-esteem exactly? Is it the same as self-confidence?

"Self-esteem and self-confidence often get confused by most people; but how can we improve on it if we do not quite understand it? Self-esteem refers to how we value (and we think others’ value) our worth, whereas self-confidence can be more related to our skills and abilities. For example, a person may be extremely confident in their ability to do their job, but when it comes to believing someone would love them, they may struggle. Self-esteem and self-confidence are not mutually exclusive, meaning that our self-esteem and self-confidence can fluctuate depending on the situation."

Q: Does self-esteem come from within myself or is it also influenced by my relationships and environment?

"Self-esteem can be highly influenced from childhood. During this time we are highly receptive and soak up new information like a sponge as we try to make sense of this world. This makes our early- life experiences particularly important in shaping beliefs about ourselves and others.

So if we had any factors which would have made us question our self-worth as a child, this may contribute to low self-esteem. For example, being bullied by peers could lead one to feel they are not acceptable to others and consequently question their self-worth. Or another example could be if a person’s parents did not have good self-esteem, then they may not have been able to instil this in their child. It is important to note that these are examples, and every person is different and experiences situations differently.

To really know what has lead your low self-esteem requires thinking about your experiences as an individual and the meaning of these experiences to you. Of course negative experiences as an adult can also knock our self-confidence and in turn our self-esteem. Examples can be a bad relationship, losing a job etc.

If a person believes they have low worth they may act in certain ways which perpetuates this. For example, putting up with a negative friendship or relationship because they find it hard to believe they deserve more. Or remaining in a job they are unhappy with because they feel they could not achieve anything better.

Q: Is it up to me to boost my self-esteem or can I also rely on others to help increase it?

It is a tricky idea to rely on others to increase our self-esteem – remember that self-esteem is all about how we value ourselves. Your friends and partner can value you extremely highly,

but if you think of yourself as worthless, they cannot change that. A good example of this is when someone gives you a compliment but it's hard to accept it, or truly believe it. I would say that while we cannot rely on others to improve our self-esteem, we should make sure that the people around us are not perpetuating our feeling of worthlessness.

The good news is that by understanding what has contributed to our low self-esteem, and understanding what continues to maintain that, we can make changes and improve how we feel about ourselves.

See The lifestyle directory for full article

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